COMPILED BY MAKAFUI APEKU
Mexico's main opposition party, the Institutional Revolutionary Party PRI, appears to have been the biggest winner in elections for state governors, mayors and local deputies elections.
President Felipe Calderon's party and its allies seemed set to take some governorships held by the PRI.
Two candidate were killed during the campaign but the election day was peaceful. Voilence was recorded during the election season. Some 5,000 deaths so far this year have been blamed on drug-related violence and it has also touched the electoral process itself. Rodolfo Torre, a front-runner candidate for governor in the north-eastern state of Tamaulipas, was killed after gunmen ambushed his convoy on 28 June. Four of his aides also died.His brother, Egidio Torre, who replaced him as candidate, was elected governor.A mayoral candidate in Tamaulipas was also killed, while other candidates stepped down and 550 electoral officials resigned.
Sunday's elections were held in 14 of Mexico's 31 states, with 12 states choosing new governors. According to results so far, the PRI - which already held most of the governorships at stake - held on to six states and retook the states of Zacatecas, Tlaxcala and Aguascalientes."This election proves the PRI is the leading political force in the country," the party's president, Beatriz Paredes, told reporters.
However the National Action Party (PAN) and its allies were on course to win three states previously held by PRI.These include the southern state of Oaxaca, which saw months of at times violent protests in 2006 against the then PRI governor, Ulises Ruiz.
The PAN and its allies were also on course to win for victory in the central state of Puebla, and in Sinaloa, which is one of the areas hardest hit by drug-related violence. "These are historic victories," the PAN president Cesar Nava told the Associated Press.
"Sinaloa has a fundamental significance when it comes to Mexico's security. In Puebla and Oaxaca, the victory means a significant break with entrenched strongman politics."
The elections were seen as an unofficial referendum on President Calderon's crackdown on drug cartels. Turnout in Tamaulipas was reported to be low. Only a third of voters cast their ballots in Chihuahua, the most violent state, according to the Associated Press.
The PRI held power for decades until the 2000 election which was won by the PAN candidate Vicente Fox.
COTE D’ VOIRE
The second round of the Ivorian presidential election has been postponed. The election which was initially fixed for 21 november have been postponed for another one week 28 november 2010
speaking at the extraordinary meeting of ministers, the prime minister Guillaume Soro said the government agreed on the new date due to a proposal made by the independent electoral commission for more time to enable them to prepare adequately for the second round.
In the first round of the elections, president Gbagbo won 38.04% of the vote while Alassane Outtara (RDR) come second with 32.26% and Henry Conan Bedie came third with 25.01% .
US president Barrack Obama
US president Barrack Obama( democrats) has lost the midterm elections in the house of congress.
The midterm elections, decide the balance of power in Congress over the next two years. The Republicans made sweeping gains as they won control of the House of Representatives, but the Democrats retained a slim majority in the Senate.
Going into the mid-terms, his Democratic Party had a majority in both houses. Having lost control of the House, the president will now have to work closely with Republicans as he tries to push through legislation.
However, things do not always go smoothly. A Republican-controlled Congress effectively shut down non-essential government services for short periods in 1995 and 1996 because President Bill Clinton refused to make certain budget cut.
Prior to the elections, the Democrats controlled 59 seats in the Senate (including two seats held by independents who caucus with the Democrats) and had a majority of 39 seats in the House. the Republicans have obtained a net gain of at least 60 seats in the House.
It would mark the largest gain for the Republicans since they won an extra 80 seats in 1938. It also surpasses the swing in 1994, when the Democrats lost 54 seats in the House.
In the Senate contest, the Republicans made gains but fell short of gaining the 10 seats needed to win control.
Even so, it will be harder for the Democrats to muster the 60 Senate votes they need to stop Republican delaying tactics.
The Republicans also gained at least 10 of the 37 governorships in contention.
It is up to the powerful majority leaders in both houses to set the legislative agenda. Committee chairmen are also chosen from the ranks of the majority party.
The current Congress will now return for a "lame-duck" session before newly-elected members take their seats in January.
One of the issues to be discussed is the extension of tax breaks introduced by George Bush, with Republicans calling on President Obama to extend them for the rich as well as the middle class.
Next year, Mr Obama will try co-ordinate with the Republican-led Congress, though he could also use his executive power more assertively if the Republicans try to block the Democratic agenda.
The president recently listed three of the areas where he might be able to work with a new Congress: reducing public spending, and immigration and education reform.Other issues, including environmental reform, are likely to be put on hold.President Obama may have to fight off attempts to repeal his healthcare reform.
Republicans have promised to try to unravel the reform either by repealing sections of it or retracting financing from key provisions. They could even try to replace the reform with their own bill, but President Obama can veto this.
The Republicans have also said they want to roll back financial regulation introduced by Mr Obama in the wake of the global financial crisis.
The elections are called mid-terms because they come half-way through the four-year term served by the president, though the polls are in fact for Congress - the two houses of the US legislature - and for some state governorships (gubernatorial elections).
The party of a sitting president often loses some seats in mid-term elections, particularly in a president's first term.
Since 1946, the average loss in a president's first term is 25 seats in the House of Representatives and three seats in the Senate. Truman (in 1946) and Clinton (in 1994) both lost 54 House seats, while Johnson (in 1966) lost 48.
President Jakaya Kikwete
Voting has ended in Tanzania's presidential polls, and incumbent Jakaya Kikwete widely expected to secure his second and final term.
Mr Kikwete has been credited with boosting the nation's economy, but his opponents say he has failed to tackle widespread poverty.
His main rivals in the poll are Willibrod Slaa, a former priest, and university professor Ibrahim Lipumba. On Sunday, voters were also electing 239 members of parliament. More than 19 million people in the East African country were eligible to cast their ballots.
A total of 18 political parties were competing, with seven candidates vying for the presidency.President Kikwete, of the governing CCM party, was elected with more than 80% of the vote in 2005 and is now expecting to win again. On Saturday, thousands of his supporters danced and cheered during a rally in Tanzania's commercial capital Dar es Salaam.
More than 50% of Tanzanians still live below the poverty line, according to the IMF.On Sunday, voters in the Indian Ocean archipelago of Zanzibar - which enjoys a degree of autonomy from Tanzania - also went to the polls.
They were electing their leaders for the first time since a power-sharing deal was struck between Zanzibar's two main political parties.The agreement was aimed at bringing to an end the violence that erupted during Zanzibar's polls in 2000 and 2005.
The election of Dilma Rousseff can largely be attributed to the broad popularity of President Lula
As the polls predicted, the second round of Brazil's elections has resulted in the election of the country's first woman president, Dilma Rousseff of the Workers Party (PT).
On 1 January 2011, President Rousseff will take the reins of the federal government, and the political base of her government will be a 10-party alliance constructed by her predecessor, outgoing President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
The election of Dilma Rousseff can largely be attributed to the broad popularity of President Lula and his policies of economic redistribution and social inclusion.
Ms Rousseff's highest level of support came from the majority of the population in households earning just under the equivalent of $800 (£500) a month.
The majority of the affluent - those in households earning more than $3,200 (£2,000) a month - supported opposition candidate Jose Serra of the Social Democratic Party (PSDB).
President Lula's policies of raising the minimum wage, expanding conditional cash transfers to the poor under the family allowance programme Bolsa Familia, and stimulating the creation of formal-sector jobs in an economy currently growing at about 7% per year ensured the popularity of his chosen successor - an administrator with no previous experience of elected office.
Brazil's more than 135 million voters appear to have opted for continuity, but politics can be surprising.
Thursday, November 18, 2010
Wednesday, November 3, 2010
The most critical concern of news and information providers is the issue of press freedom, which was curtailed occasionally from the 1960s to the 1980s. The National Media Commission was established in 1993 as an independent watchdog organization to ensure that the government does not control or interfere with any media provider, private or state-owned. Today, the media in Ghana operate without major restrictions.
Even though the National Media Commission is suppose to be the watch dog I believe they have not done enough in that aspect of their responsibility. For instance not long ago the government asked the Director General of Ghana Broadcasting Corporations (GBC) to proceed on leave and his deputy was made the acting Director General. The 1992 Constitution of the Republic Ghana, chapter twelve, article 167, clause (c) state that The NMC is to insulate the state owned media from Governmental control. But they have also failed in this area as not to allow the decision of the government to be implemented
Again, The 1992 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana chapter twelve, article 167 clause (b) mandated the National Media Commission to take all appropriate measures to ensure the establishment and maintenance of high journalistic standards in the mass media, including the investigation, mediation and settlement of complaints made against or by the press or other mass media. To summarize this clause, the NMC is supposed to maintain high standard of journalism but recently some journalist went below their profession, and dragging the profession into the ‘mad’ One of such journalist who received public condemnation and bashing is the editor of ‘the new punch’ news paper who is popularly known as ‘Baby Ansaba’ and some few others practice what is known as stomach journalism by writing falsehood stories for money. And the NMC did nothing about that even up to date or in other words the NMC failed to bring journalist who do not perform high standard of the profession to book.
The NMC is supposed to make regulations by constitutional instrument for the registration of newspapers and other publications, except that the regulations shall not provide for the exercise of any direction or control over the professional functions of a person engaged in the production of newspapers or other means of mass communication which is also mandatory from the 1992 constitution of the republic of Ghana. And I will like to congratulate the NMC for their hard work on this aspect of their function as a commission. Even though some media houses operate without due process and registration, the NMC is always up on their toes to make sure that all media and publication houses register through the constitutional instrument. Another area that the NMC has done well is the non interference of direction or control over the professional functions of the media houses
The National Media Commission is also responsible for promoting and ensuring the freedom and independence of the media for mass communication or information which is also mandated by the 1992 constitution of Ghana. But the NMC has done little in respect of this responsibility, about some few month ago the acting news editor of joy fm, Ato Kwamena Dadze was picked by the police because of news item which was aired on Joy fm and the then acting editor refused to disclosed his source of the information. The police alleged that the news caused fear and panic so the editor was arrested and the NMC only issued a press release on the issue and that was all. I believe the NMC has done little about this case and also doing little in terms of promoting freedom of the press and the media. Just some few days ago a lady came on one of Accra based radio station to reveal a horrific armed robbery rapped incident which was alleged to have occurred on the Kintampo- Tamale road. After some few days the lady and the presenter of the program on which the incident was aired was also arrested. Once Again the NMC looks down unconcern; I believe that this incident will not help in ensuring freedom information and of the media.
To conclude I will like to state it clear that the 1992 constitution does not give enough power to the NMC to function because the constitution does not give guidance as to what to do when the government and other media houses offend or goes contrary to the articles and clauses in the constitution. There should be sanctions to empower the NMC to prosecute or fine those who go against the rules and regulations.
The public should be educated about the work and functions about the National Media Commission to abreast the public about their work. To further more the Commission should have their representative in the 10 regions of Ghana to ensure efficient monitoring. I believe the NMC is in conflict of power with National Communication Authority (NCA) and I want their powers to be clearly stated, define and separated for the them to know who is suppose to do what and at what time.