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Thursday, November 18, 2010

ELECTIONS AROUND THE WORLD IN OCTOBER-NOVEMBERV

COMPILED BY MAKAFUI APEKU


MEXICO

Mexican president
Mexico's main opposition party, the Institutional Revolutionary Party PRI, appears to have been the biggest winner in elections for state governors, mayors and local deputies elections.
President Felipe Calderon's party and its allies seemed set to take some governorships held by the PRI.
Two candidate were killed during the campaign but the election day was peaceful. Voilence was recorded during the election season. Some 5,000 deaths so far this year have been blamed on drug-related violence and it has also touched the electoral process itself. Rodolfo Torre, a front-runner candidate for governor in the north-eastern state of Tamaulipas, was killed after gunmen ambushed his convoy on 28 June. Four of his aides also died.His brother, Egidio Torre, who replaced him as candidate, was elected governor.A mayoral candidate in Tamaulipas was also killed, while other candidates stepped down and 550 electoral officials resigned.
Sunday's elections were held in 14 of Mexico's 31 states, with 12 states choosing new governors. According to results so far, the PRI - which already held most of the governorships at stake - held on to six states and retook the states of Zacatecas, Tlaxcala and Aguascalientes."This election proves the PRI is the leading political force in the country," the party's president, Beatriz Paredes, told reporters.
However the National Action Party (PAN) and its allies were on course to win three states previously held by PRI.These include the southern state of Oaxaca, which saw months of at times violent protests in 2006 against the then PRI governor, Ulises Ruiz.
The PAN and its allies were also on course to win for victory in the central state of Puebla, and in Sinaloa, which is one of the areas hardest hit by drug-related violence. "These are historic victories," the PAN president Cesar Nava told the Associated Press.
"Sinaloa has a fundamental significance when it comes to Mexico's security. In Puebla and Oaxaca, the victory means a significant break with entrenched strongman politics."
The elections were seen as an unofficial referendum on President Calderon's crackdown on drug cartels. Turnout in Tamaulipas was reported to be low. Only a third of voters cast their ballots in Chihuahua, the most violent state, according to the Associated Press.
The PRI held power for decades until the 2000 election which was won by the PAN candidate Vicente Fox.
COTE D’ VOIRE

president Gbagbo
The second round of the Ivorian presidential election has been postponed. The election which was initially fixed for 21 november have been postponed for another one week 28 november 2010
speaking at the extraordinary meeting of ministers, the prime minister Guillaume Soro said the government agreed on the new date due to a proposal made by the independent electoral commission for more time to enable them to prepare adequately for the second round.
In the first round of the elections, president Gbagbo won 38.04% of the vote while Alassane Outtara (RDR) come second with 32.26% and Henry Conan Bedie came third with 25.01% .
USA

US president Barrack Obama
US president Barrack Obama( democrats) has lost the midterm elections in the house of congress.
The midterm elections, decide the balance of power in Congress over the next two years. The Republicans made sweeping gains as they won control of the House of Representatives, but the Democrats retained a slim majority in the Senate.
Going into the mid-terms, his Democratic Party had a majority in both houses. Having lost control of the House, the president will now have to work closely with Republicans as he tries to push through legislation.
However, things do not always go smoothly. A Republican-controlled Congress effectively shut down non-essential government services for short periods in 1995 and 1996 because President Bill Clinton refused to make certain budget cut.
Prior to the elections, the Democrats controlled 59 seats in the Senate (including two seats held by independents who caucus with the Democrats) and had a majority of 39 seats in the House. the Republicans have obtained a net gain of at least 60 seats in the House.
It would mark the largest gain for the Republicans since they won an extra 80 seats in 1938. It also surpasses the swing in 1994, when the Democrats lost 54 seats in the House.
In the Senate contest, the Republicans made gains but fell short of gaining the 10 seats needed to win control.
Even so, it will be harder for the Democrats to muster the 60 Senate votes they need to stop Republican delaying tactics.
The Republicans also gained at least 10 of the 37 governorships in contention.
It is up to the powerful majority leaders in both houses to set the legislative agenda. Committee chairmen are also chosen from the ranks of the majority party.
The current Congress will now return for a "lame-duck" session before newly-elected members take their seats in January.
One of the issues to be discussed is the extension of tax breaks introduced by George Bush, with Republicans calling on President Obama to extend them for the rich as well as the middle class.
Next year, Mr Obama will try co-ordinate with the Republican-led Congress, though he could also use his executive power more assertively if the Republicans try to block the Democratic agenda.
The president recently listed three of the areas where he might be able to work with a new Congress: reducing public spending, and immigration and education reform.Other issues, including environmental reform, are likely to be put on hold.President Obama may have to fight off attempts to repeal his healthcare reform.
Republicans have promised to try to unravel the reform either by repealing sections of it or retracting financing from key provisions. They could even try to replace the reform with their own bill, but President Obama can veto this.
The Republicans have also said they want to roll back financial regulation introduced by Mr Obama in the wake of the global financial crisis.
The elections are called mid-terms because they come half-way through the four-year term served by the president, though the polls are in fact for Congress - the two houses of the US legislature - and for some state governorships (gubernatorial elections).
The party of a sitting president often loses some seats in mid-term elections, particularly in a president's first term.
Since 1946, the average loss in a president's first term is 25 seats in the House of Representatives and three seats in the Senate. Truman (in 1946) and Clinton (in 1994) both lost 54 House seats, while Johnson (in 1966) lost 48.




TANZANIA

President Jakaya Kikwete
Voting has ended in Tanzania's presidential polls, and incumbent Jakaya Kikwete widely expected to secure his second and final term.
Mr Kikwete has been credited with boosting the nation's economy, but his opponents say he has failed to tackle widespread poverty.
His main rivals in the poll are Willibrod Slaa, a former priest, and university professor Ibrahim Lipumba. On Sunday, voters were also electing 239 members of parliament. More than 19 million people in the East African country were eligible to cast their ballots.
A total of 18 political parties were competing, with seven candidates vying for the presidency.President Kikwete, of the governing CCM party, was elected with more than 80% of the vote in 2005 and is now expecting to win again. On Saturday, thousands of his supporters danced and cheered during a rally in Tanzania's commercial capital Dar es Salaam.
More than 50% of Tanzanians still live below the poverty line, according to the IMF.On Sunday, voters in the Indian Ocean archipelago of Zanzibar - which enjoys a degree of autonomy from Tanzania - also went to the polls.
They were electing their leaders for the first time since a power-sharing deal was struck between Zanzibar's two main political parties.The agreement was aimed at bringing to an end the violence that erupted during Zanzibar's polls in 2000 and 2005.

BRAZIL




The election of Dilma Rousseff can largely be attributed to the broad popularity of President Lula
As the polls predicted, the second round of Brazil's elections has resulted in the election of the country's first woman president, Dilma Rousseff of the Workers Party (PT).
On 1 January 2011, President Rousseff will take the reins of the federal government, and the political base of her government will be a 10-party alliance constructed by her predecessor, outgoing President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
The election of Dilma Rousseff can largely be attributed to the broad popularity of President Lula and his policies of economic redistribution and social inclusion.
Ms Rousseff's highest level of support came from the majority of the population in households earning just under the equivalent of $800 (£500) a month.
The majority of the affluent - those in households earning more than $3,200 (£2,000) a month - supported opposition candidate Jose Serra of the Social Democratic Party (PSDB).
President Lula's policies of raising the minimum wage, expanding conditional cash transfers to the poor under the family allowance programme Bolsa Familia, and stimulating the creation of formal-sector jobs in an economy currently growing at about 7% per year ensured the popularity of his chosen successor - an administrator with no previous experience of elected office.
Brazil's more than 135 million voters appear to have opted for continuity, but politics can be surprising.
source BBC

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